Mobile network operators in africa
According to the Nigerian Communications Commission NCC , roughly 80 million Nigerians — 47 percent of the population — do not have bank accounts, an estimated million Nigerians have mobile network access and approximately 92 million are internet users. This pioneer platform, now eleven years old, boasts more than 30 million users across 10 countries and has become the poster-child of African mobile money. M-Pesa, which initially enabled consumers and small businesses with often little or no access to a bank to send and receive money quickly and securely across great distances, now provides an array of services including international transfers, loans, and health provision.
In , it processed a whopping 6 billion transactions at a peak rate of per second. In addition to already existing channels, M-Pesa announced earlier this week that it is going global, allowing customers to send money for pick up at more than , Western Union agent locations throughout the world. With the plethora of inexpensive mobile phones sweeping over the continent, other African countries like Kenya have experienced a similar mobile money explosion.
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Mobile money, which allows customers to send, receive, and store money using their mobile phone, is a subcategory of mobile financial services, or MFS, that is offered predominantly by telco companies. The actual funds are usually held by a bank linked to a current account.
Africa Mobile & Fixed Telecom Network Operators List
Praised for their social values, these platforms have played a crucial role in notably curtailing poverty, offering opportunities for small businesses they otherwise would not have. MIT economist Tavneet Suri studied the financial and social impacts of Kenyan mobile-money services and discovered that these services have helped Kenyans increase their savings and endure financial turmoil.
Interestingly, female-headed households witnessed far greater spikes in consumption than those headed by males. Furthermore, mobile-money services have aided an estimated , women pivot from farming to business occupations. The report anticipates that in the next seven years, unique mobile subscribers will increase from million to million. Connect with us…. Read More. Cell tower, Ghana.
Photo credit: A growing telecommunications trend in South Africa and other emerging markets across the African continent is the move to cell tower sharing. The trend toward independent ownership of telecommunications infrastructure such as tower sites, with leasing arrangements for multiple operators on each tower, closely mirrors moves in mature telecommunications markets around the globe, including the U.
Tower sharing prevalent While there is some reluctance by industry incumbents to offload tower infrastructure because they fear losing market share and network coverage, the tower-sharing model is still becoming more prevalent. This is particularly evident in markets where there are new players trying to penetrate the market, as well as in countries where coverage in rural, sparsely populated areas is needed to drive growth. Other important factors, such as the rising cost of power in South Africa, or unreliable power delivery in other parts of the continent have also helped to drive this trend.
Smaller equipment requirements To accommodate multiple network operators on a tower and cell site, smaller antennas are preferred, with additional requirements for smaller indoor equipment that draw less power.
This configuration helps to decrease power consumption and cooling requirements resulting in more efficient use of diesel generators during times of power failure. However, having smaller antennas affects transmission power, capacity and efficiency. As such, mobile operators are turning to on-site solutions that offer all these benefits, but do not compromise on quality of service, capacity or data transmission speeds. This also extends to the backhaul network, which often poses the most significant challenge for mobile network operators, especially as mobile networks continue to evolve from 2G and 3G to LTE.
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For example, as mobile networks continue to evolve, backhaul network architectures will need to change from simple point-to-point to more complex ring-based architectures. Operators that choose to share infrastructure will need on-site equipment that is capable of accommodating these changes, while still offering optimal transmit speeds and reduced operational costs.
However, as tower sharing becomes more prominent fewer operators are willing to spend the capital required to enable fixed-line backhaul from shared sites due to the associated costs. Therefore, more operators are turning to wireless backhaul as a suitable solution to transport data between the cell site and the core transport telephone network. Many operators have turned to high-capacity trunking microwave systems to provide the required high capacity. These high-capacity trunking microwave systems have traditionally been installed indoors, usually in a standalone rack.
They were also installed in a way that radio signal strength diminished significantly before reaching the antenna at the top of the tower, ,necessitating a bigger antenna to compensate.
List of mobile network operators of the Middle East and Africa
These all-indoor configurations also required big shelters and costly air conditioning. Developing new technologies In an effort to improve the efficiencies of mobile backhaul to meet modern demands, tower operators and their solution providers are reconfiguring these shared sites, and new technologies are being developed to solve these challenges. For example, split-mount trunking solutions allow for up to four radio channels on a single microwave antenna, and lower costs associated with deploying and operating ultra-high capacity microwave links for increased capacity.
Smaller and lighter antenna solutions can also be lifted and installed higher on towers more easily, which helps to decrease tower space and loading requirements, making these solutions less prone to wind damage. Moving radios from the shelter to the tower, next to the antenna, further reduces deployment and operational costs and simplifies antenna connections e. In these cases, smaller shelters or cabinets can be used, which decrease air-conditioning requirements even further.
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This will have a positive impact on the prices end-users pay for mobile data and voice services, and will help to accelerate the availability of connectivity across the continent. Campion Hills communications mast with microwave antennae. The respondents were screened to ensure that they all had a stake in microwave-specific backhaul: In fact, 45 percent were categorized as heavy microwave users—those where more than 50 percent of their cell sites were served by microwave backhaul. Many wireless operators, such as MTN in Ghana, need to optimize management of their networks and Aviat can help with products, services and software capabilities.
List of Top 101 Africa Mobile Network Operators 4Q 2016: ranked by mobile subscribers
Wireless backhaul operators, both mobile phone networks and others carrying dedicated traffic, face the constant issue of maximizing the functionality of their systems. In the emerging markets around the world, the pressure can be most intense. Wireless network reliability, availability and capacity all need to be increased.
Customer expectations are on the rise, and operators must take the appropriate steps to meet and exceed them. This document registration required examines the regulatory requirements that apply around the globe for operation in these bands. Details of comparative license costs are also available in another document registration also required. We believe that we have covered all the countries of interest to most network operators and some in addition to those. If there are any specific countries missing, please let us know with a comment.
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